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Fun Facts About Africa

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• There are 54 countries and one “non-self governing territory”, the Western Sahara, in Africa.
• All of Africa was colonized by foreign powers during the “scramble for Africa”, except Ethiopia and Liberia.
• Before colonial rule Africa comprised up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs.
• The Pharaonic civilization of ancient Egypt is one of the world’s oldest and longest-lasting civilizations.
• African continent is the world’s oldest populated area.
• Africa is the second most populous continent with about 1.1 billion people or 16% of the world’s population.
• Over 50% of Africans are under the age of 25.
• Africa is the world’s second largest continent covering about over 30 million square kilometres.
• Africa has approximately 30% of the earth’s remaining mineral resources.
• Africa has the largest reserves of precious metals (over 40% of the gold, 60% of the cobalt, and 90% of the platinum).
• The Sahara is the largest desert in the world and is bigger than the continental USA.
• Over 1,270 large dams have been built along the continent’s many rivers.
• Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world.
• Africa has 8 of the 11 major biomes and the largest-remaining populations of elephant, rhinoceros, and hundreds of other species.
• Lake Malawi has more fish species than any other freshwater system on earth.
• The Nile River is the longest river in the world with a total length of 6,650 kilometres.
• Africa has over 85% of the world’s elephants and over 99% of the remaining lions are on the African continent.


 Interesting Facts About Zambia

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• Zambia takes its name from the Zambezi River
• Population: Approximately 13.8 million
• Area: 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles) (About the size of France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland combined)
• It is land locked with 8 neighbouring countries.
• About 90% of the population fall into 9 major ethno-linguistic groups.
• Zambia is Africa’s biggest copper producer. It is mined on the 90 mile long corridor known as the Copperbelt (mining towns)
• Zambia is home to 1 of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, the Victoria Falls (locally known as ‘Mosi-o-Tunya’ or The Smoke that Thunders).
• There are two main seasons, the rainy season or summer (late November to April), and the dry season or winter (May to early November).
• Approximately half of the population is under the age of 16
• The staple food is Nshima (ground cornmeal)
• The monetary unit is the Kwacha and Ngwee

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